I am really surprised by the number of hits I get from people trying to find out more about chronic pain post c-section. Although I suppose I shouldn’t be, because I see women with chronic pain every day and it takes years for most to get an answer (i.e. they don’t get an answer until they’ve been referred to me). It’s really so very sad, because many times the treatments are not very hard.

The two main causes of post c-section pain are nerve pain (covered here) and muscle pain. Muscle pain is actually the most common cause of chronic pain overall. Muscle pain can happen spontaneously; however, it can also be triggered by trauma (like surgery or childbirth). Throw in the hormonal changes of pregnancy and delivery as well as the lack of sleep and the stress of caring for a newborn and you have many of the ingredients for a chronic pain condition.

The formal medical term for this kind of muscle pain is myofascial pain syndrome, or MPS for short. It happens when (for whatever reason) a muscle tenses and contracts too much, forming tight bands (ever felt a knot of muscle in your neck? That is the kind of tight band or knot that happens with MPS, except with MPS the knot won’t go away). The spasms cause severe pain by reducing blood flow and squeezing nerves.

After a c-section, this kind of myofascial pain syndrome can affect the belly wall or it can affect the muscles of the pelvic floor (those are the muscles that you squeeze to stop your flow of urine and the muscles that contract during orgasm).

Muscle pain can be very severe and is often (but not always) worse with physical activity (including sex). Frequently I hear it described as the feeling of “a bowling ball” or a “fist” in the vagina.” I have also heard it described as “my insides are coming out.” Some women say it is a squeezing or a cramping sensation. Everyone has a unique pain experience, so descriptions certainly vary. Because these muscles surround the bladder and bowel, pelvic floor MPS can also cause the need to empty your bladder a lot and urgency (difficulty holding your urine) as well as pain with or after bowel movements.

There are no specific tests for muscle pain or MPS, it is diagnosed by exam. It can be hard for someone who isn’t used to diagnosing muscle pain to know if the pain is coming from the belly or the pelvic floor. However, if you lay flat on your back, press on your belly, and lift your head off the bed and your pain is worse, then the belly wall is probably involved (lifting your head flexes the belly muscles, and worsening of pain while the muscles are working can be a sign of MPS). Your doctor should also feel for specific tight bands in the muscle as well as specific points of pain called trigger points.

MPS of the pelvic floor requires a pelvic exam. The examiner will feel tight bands of muscle (like a violin string) and touching them will reproduce the pain. Many women feel as if their partner is hitting “a wall or blockage” during intercourse – that is actually contact with these tight bands of muscle.

The good news is once MPS is diagnosed most women respond to treatment. The first step is seeing a pelvic floor physical therapist. You can find one at in the International Pelvic Pain Society (enter your country, state and city and a list of providers will appear, you will be able to tell who is a physical therapist and who is not). The physical therapist will do manual therapy on the muscles and help release the tight bands (they may do other kinds of treatments as well). Other therapies may include some of the following:

  • A TENS unit. A small device that sends an electic impulse to the muscles of the belly wall. This should be set up by a physical therapist (there are specific settings). A TENS can be very helpful for belly wall pain.
  • Trigger point injections. Using a needle to mechanically break down the bands and knots in the muscle. Some local anesthetic is given to make this less painful (it sounds worse than it is). Trigger point injections are not stand alone treatment, they work in conjunction with physical therapy
  • Ibuprofen or other anti-inflammatory pain relievers. If there are no contraindications, a 10-14 day course of prescription strength ibuprofen every 8 hours may help reduce inflammation and break the cycle of pain
  • Nerve pain medications. When pain has been going on for several months the signalling in the nervous system starts to change and this can amplify pain (think of it as the volume being turned up too loud in the nervous system). Nerve pain medications, such as nortriptyline or gabapentin, can help reverse or dampen these changes. The medications don’t have to be permanent. Many times reducing the pain helps the nervous system get re-organized and the medications can be stopped with time. Nortriptyline can be used during breastfeeding if needed.
  • Botox injections. Yes, you read that correctly. When physical therapy has been ineffective at relieving muscle spasm, Botox injections are a highly effective way to break the cycle of muscle spasm. They only work for about 12 weeks and have to be combined with physical therapy. Once the cycle of spasm is disrupted, the physical therapist can help you re-educate the muscles so the effect becomes long-lasting. Botox can’t be used while breastfeeding.
  • Weight loss. The mechanical strain of extra weight (not uncommon after having a baby) makes muscle pain worse. In addition, belly fat churns out inflammatory chemicals that can make pain worse.
  • Physical activity. Even though it might be painful, muscles are meant to be worked. The less they are used, the less blood flow and the worse the pain will become. Muscles also shorten over time when you don’t move. Some tips for getting started are walking in a pool (the water helps to carry your body weight, putting less strain on the muscles), walking around the block, or a gentle yoga class. When first starting it is important to only exercise every other day to give the muscles time to recuperate.
  • Managing constipation. Straining will over work the pelvic floor muscles. Talk with your health care provider about the best way to manage your constipation. Fiber supplements or changing your diet (we need 25 g of fiber a day) is a good place to start.

If your doctor has never heard about muscle pain, print this page out and give it to them and point them to this article in UpToDate. In my experience, myofascial pain is the most common cause of post c-section pain. If your doctor is unsure, they can easily have you see a pelvic floor physical therapist who can be invaluable in confirming the diagnosis (as well as starting treatment).

Remember, this post does not represent medical advice.

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  1. My son is 5 months and my c section went beautifully. Only now am I getting this stinging pain on the right side of the lower belly roll it started about a month ago and it continues to hurt I am trying to figure out why only that area would be sensitive and painful like little pinches

    1. Perhaps the nerves are growing back and you feel the scar adhesions pulling? I would try scar massage to see if that helps?

  2. I can not afford insurance or a doctor. Will just losing weight, light exercise/stretching, and store bought Iburprophin work? I think this is what is wrong with me. It’s brought tears to my eyes.

  3. I know this is an old post but wondered dobyou could help. My daughter is 15 months. I had planned c section because she was breach. Recovery was fine, only bit that really hurt was when everything was ‘knitting back together’. Everything was fine till she was about 6 months, then when I get my period I get the almost knitting back together pain. Only on my left side. Hurts to sit up from laying down, rolling over in bed, sometimes picking her up hurts. But like I say only ever when I’m on my period. Doctors have felt my stomach as it’s just above my c section scar. Said it feels normal. My scar is nice and neat, had no infection in it. So I’m just told to rub ibruprofen gel on it and take paracetamol which does nothing. Do you know what may cause this?

    1. Apparently the C-section scar can get bigger (internally) and perhaps it has spread and is pinching on something in your uterus so perhaps when you have your period and your uterus contracts to expel the blood it aggravates the internal scar. I’m totally guessing. I would search for someone that does scar massage. It is my understanding that it can help, it will probably take a lot of time for it to help but perhaps to make it more manageable. Also look at someone who does mayan abdominal massage? That might help as well. Good luck to you. My internal scar is constantly tight and always uncomfortable. I did have an infection so I have more scar tissue internally which is my issue. It’s no fun but we have our daughters 🙂

      1. I’m worried this may be adhesions and could cause I think it’s called, secondary infertility. I’m only 24. Had DD at 22. I had a very early miscarriage last month. Starting to wonder if maybe this was why. Not officially ttc for number 2 but plan to be next month. X

  4. I am having a lot of pain on the left side and just a little above my c-section scar and on the lower right side of my scar that feel as tho they are decending into my groin and advice on how to ease the pain would be greatly appreciated

  5. Hi I am reading this about 5 years too late lol. I’ve had 2 csections. starting in 2006 a d 2010. since then I’ve had chronic low back pain off and on, and will have “episodes” that render me bedridden for days, in pain. Drs put me on flexeril, and ibuprofen, and pain meds, to ride it out. chiropractic manipulation helps. but I am always so guarded with how I move, and am scared too work out. ive been referred to physical therapy. he says i have “weak hips”, but the exercises just seem to put further strain. Please help, tbis is seriously taking over my life. And I can’t get any answers.

  6. Hello …I m from Pakistan .Thnx alot .. i get the answer finally .. why i m having pain . Its been 3 year of my c section n i start having this pain after 1 year of c section when it was completely healed and i m suffering since 2 years by this pain.
    it feels like the cut is opened again at the corner where it was notted.
    No any doctor can answer me and take me oyt of it i cannot do daily routine work easily because of it . I was start thinking that i m having a cancer in my uterus.
    U helped alot thank u so much

  7. While reading this, I can’t help but feel lucky that I had a normal delivery when I gave birth 6 months ago. I can’t imagine getting a c-section and experience all the mentioned discomforts. Still, for women like me, a possibility of getting a c-section is always luring in the future. One of the disadvantages of being a woman I must say. ):

  8. Hi Doc. I think this article explains what my spouse is undergoing.she got a cs last year. The pain is not coming from the scar but just above it.says it feels like a swelling and very pianfull.its has taken long to heal and doctors here look like they have no idea what it is.could it be the condition you are talking about.what specialist can diagnose this and treat because it has bee more than six months after the cs.

  9. I am a new OBGYN in a small community with no pelvic floor PT. I would like to have more to offer my chronic pelvic pain/CS pain patients. Is there a book or resource you would recommend? I have already read the ACOG clinical updates for woman’s health on the topic.

  10. Thank you so much for this article I was beginning to despair and to believe that there is nothing that can be done medically to telieve me from this pain. It is 10months now since I had my csection and I am in pain everyday and from reading this article I suspect muscle pain. My inside is in consistent pain and maybe inflammation. The scar itches, reddens, painful to even the slightest touch. I can’t hold urine for long and during periods the oain tripples. I hv applied pain patches, cold and hot compressors, made seatbaths, took painkillers to no avail. And if I work for long hours seated my calves swells. I haven’t much weight actually I was 69kg before pregnancy and now I am 64kg at 45. Unfortunately here in Botswana we don’t hv floor muscle therapists, pain doctors etc and I dont know where to go to get help. I am in urgent need.

  11. Thank you so much for this article! I was beginning to despair and to feel that maybe that I was the only one experiencing this pain. From reading the article I sus

  12. I had c section 2 yrs ago. And all them pains in the rite groin is constantly there day and nite.
    I can’t even lift my baby,first baby aswell.
    If I sit down it hurts if I walk or use stairs or hills or even hso pain full getting into bath.cajf put no weight on right leg past 2 years.
    Don’t want a baby again.
    U limp like a penguin and feel disabled and no doctor takes if seriously.

  13. Thank you so much for this article. I’m a doctor myself and have been experiencing this pain for last six months after c section. Its in my left illiac fossa and pain worsens at end of urination when i contract my pelvic muscles My ob had performed numerous test and then referred me to gastroenterologist who again offered numerous test (from blood tests to ct scan!) and perscribed some antibiotics. I myself by this time had become so much anxious about this pain and my differential diagnosis ranged from PID to carcinoma. But now after reading this i realised that its MFS.
    Its intermittent which aggravates with constipation and straining and anxiety!
    Thank you once again!

    1. I am a doc also and have experienced excruciating chronic abdomino-pelvic pain from myofascial pain to the point I could not sleep or sit or anything for a year without pain medicine. (That includes extreme pain for me breathing, urinating, and defecating post-op and muscle knots all up and down my legs and under my diaphragm.) I had endometriosis (now implants excised plus uterus and ovaries removed). Basic gentle massage was life-saving to help me move again. Then, pelvic PT. Then, aquatherapy. If you can afford it, massage is a medicine and little risk if it’s gentle. It really has taken a monumental effort for me to function again, and I don’t want anyone to live through what I have.

  14. Hi doctor.i had my baby September 7 through c section,beginning of October i started having terrible pains everyday and i went to d hospital they said its as d result of the fibroid that i ave,i was placed on ibuprofen but as soon as it ware off the pains will start. This has been happening since October and am still feeln it badly.pls help me out of this

  15. Hi. Thank u for this article. I’m in RSA has a 3rd c-section almost 7 months ago. But I have a pain that won’t go away just under my incision and I have been to d Gynae more that 5 times and he reassures me all is well. At times just abt 3cm from the right side of my incision would slightly swell and feel poky for about a day. Also after the op my ankle pains slightly rub it with menthol but it just won’t get better. What can I do? Please help.

  16. I know this is an old post but I’m googling trying to find answers and I’m desperate! I’ve had right sided abdominal pain since I had my daughter 13 months ago it was an emergency c-section. Right after the csection it hurt so bad I couldn’t take a breath and it has been hurting ever since. It hurts when I lie flat or just take breaths in. I’ve had ultrasounds, a nuclear medicine test for my gallbladder and an xray and all came back normal. I’ve seen 3 different doctors and one said it could be costochondritis but a year later and this much pain? It keeps me up at night it gets so bad. I feel like crying all the time because of it. I’m seeing a different doctor next month and hoping he might send me for an MRI. Could it be my diaphragm?

    1. I would think diaphragm would be up higher. Perhaps look for a physical therapist that focuses on pelvic floor issues. Have you been checked for a hernia by chance?

  17. I had a c sextion 14 mths ago I recoverd fine in few mths but I was givn my 10 year old piggy bank on hols and immediately felt I had done to much so as the day went on and few days lots of swelling now 3/4 weeks later I can’t get around I feel a jag ing pain Nd can’t walk about I’m sore on my tummys lol left side doctors say cud b hernia then say no poin operating just givin me clinical diagnosis ???

  18. My daughter had a c section on saturday. They sent her home Monday. Hurting never stopped and her stomach started swelling very bad. Took her to er and they reopened her and said she had a whole in bottom layer of her stomach. They patched it up and now she is back in the hospital with drain tube and bed ridden at the hospital. I am very worried. Is that common and how long would it take for recovery?

  19. I had my 3rd C Section and my son is 3 yrars old and this pain is still there can’t laugh too hard, can’t sneeze, can’t cough i saw an oncology did another C Section to remove a nerve and 4 month after still in pain any suggestions

  20. I had a c section on 9/26/15 and it was my third c section I just got my staples out today and the pain in my right side is still there and kind of bad at times I thought after I got my staples out it would go away but it hasn’t please tell me this will go away?????

  21. Hi, I am 2 years post emergency c section and I too have pain in my stomach still. I was on quite strong meds for 9 months but now I can get through a day with only mild pain providing I don’t walk fast, jog or run and any kind of activity that involves jumping up and down. I’ve seen 2 surgeons and 2 physiotherapists and no one can help me. If I do have to move in a way that I know will aggravate my stomach I will have severe pain. This level of pain won’t subside for at least 2 weeks. It’s completely ruining my life. im always in pain. Heavy lifting does not bring on this pain. It’s movement like running. I feel like my organs need holding in. Can anyone help me?

    1. I’m 7 months after csection. I’ve had that feeling like my organs aren’t supported as well. My physical therapist said my abs basically “turned off” and I’m working on strengthening them, it is definitely helping, slowly, but am noticing a change for the better. When I lay down and roll to one side or the other I get a feeling of liquid shifting in my belly. My doc says I am not retaining fluid but that it is my organs shifting and that it will go away with time and strengthening my abs….if you have pain when running then don’t run. Don’t do anything that causes more pain, focus on strengthening your ab muscles again, I would try to find a good physical therapist if I were you. Good luck, I know it’s hard!!!!

    2. I’m sorry for that, and I fear that I’m in the same way. My baby is now 14 months, and I still have severe pain after my c- section. I had one C-section 16 years ago, plus a couple of surgeries in the same site, due to endometriosis. I thought that after some years all would be healed, but I was wrong. I can’t even wash my bath, hoover, or pick my we daughter from the floor without feeling pain, and the strange sensation that my scar would open again…

  22. Thank you for this article, I find lots of info online about loose pelvic floor muscles but not the chronic pain and tightness I have experienced since the C-section. I have not been able to walk properly and it gets intense after exercising. I am planning on seeking help from both a myofacial therapist and a physical therapist.

  23. Hi,I’m looking for a second opinion and wondering if you can help me in any way.I had an emergency c section 3 years ago and since then I have had continuous pain on my lower abdomen and always on the left. I’ve also had continuous bleeding and I’ve been for a biopsy on my womb which shows no sign of infection or damage. Any opinion is welcome. Thank you.

  24. Dr Jen Gunter:

    I just wanted you to know what a relief it is to finally find a match to my symptoms. I had my c section 6 years ag this July and I still have pain. I could not figure out what it was nor could my dr. Just today I remembered that I had this same pain after my baby was born which made me realize it had to be residual pain from c-section! Bingo! That was it and then you have graciously shared your wisdom with us! Thank you so much. I will discuss with my dr what my findings are and hope she can help me with pain management. I know it is worse when I am heavy but I am also under a lot of pressure because my father was recently hospitalized. I do take 800 mg ibuprofen for the pain which does help tremendously. Thank u again. God bless you! Yours, Chantal Gonzalez

  25. forgot to mention this is my 3rd c section and took an hour and half to get baby out because of scar tissue. Thankyou again. God Bless All.

  26. I have had a c section 10 weeks ago and have had pain all throughout my body. I haven’t even been able to feed my baby because pain has been too much. I now have pain and discomfort inside my vagina. Any advice appreciated

  27. I am the mom of a 25 year old son. I have an aweful scar from my c-section and I still after 25 years can cough or sneeze sitting in the wrong position and get an excruciating pain in my scar. It’s on the inside and I doubles me over. It’s been very difficult to do abdominal exercises because it causes that kind of pain. I’m just wondering if this is normal or what I should do about it. Or am I too late?

  28. I’m 26 and have had 4 c sections. First was emergency the rest were elective. It has been 10 months since my last c section and ive been experiencing pain here and there. The past 3 weeks it has been getting worse. The pain is in the middle of my scar and around my back, most painful on the left side too, kinda reminds me of period/labour pains. I also notice leakage. Lots of white cloudy mucus. I haven’t got my period back yet as I’m still BF. I’m hoping it’s nothing to worry about. Would any one have advice?? I’m awaiting a doctors appt. 😀

  29. Sometimes, the relaxin hormone leads to abnormal motion in various
    new joints of your body, thus leading to swelling and pain. Muscle strains are the most common cause of low back pain. You should also know
    the type of back pain you are suffering.

  30. One of the actions you can do to help relieve back pain is to strengthen your core.
    Make sure the chair has good lumbar support, arms rest and a firm cushion. Incidences of the problem seem to increase with age-up to the
    middle or late forties.

  31. @ SARAH P ..your doctor is mad! some women have gotten pudendal neuralgia from hysterectomies! your pain will turn into eternal chronic pain !!

  32. I had 2 c-sections, my last being almost 3.5 years ago and for the last year and a half I have had a lot of pelvic pain, which my OBGYN had summed up as ‘extensive scar tissue’ after having a laparoscopy in January. He suggested getting a hysterectomy in hoping to get rid of some scar tissue, and some pain. That was 4 months ago, and I am still currently waiting on an appointment to have this done. After reading a couple of these articles, I am now wondering if I have nerve pain or muscle pain and would even having a hysterectomy cure my pain?! I am in eastern Canada, and find it very difficult to get any answers here regarding my pelvic pain. It’s very depressing…do you currently practice in Canada or the US? If you have any leads on any good pelvic floor PT or OBGYN in eastern Canada, please let me know! I’m glad I came across your blog! Thank you so much!

    1. I had my first C Section in late 2011 and my second in early 2013. I feel like I healed about 70% and whatever pain was there when my youngest child was a few months old is still there to this day and now he’s 1.5 yrs old. I have spoken to several doctors, in Eastern Canada and Western Canada, over the course of 2.5 years. All of them shrugged me off, feeling the incision and saying “You healed really well!” ……. Yeah Doc, I healed excellent! That’s why I’m in pain all the time, hurts to piss, really hurts to have sex, hurts/burns to do sit-ups and almost daily sharp, shooting pains. I can’t even touch my lower abdomen, it’s so sore. At this point, although I’m a much bigger fan of any natural approach to fixing a heath issue than I am of pharmaceuticals, I’d be happy to take pain killers at this point for a little while, if that is the only way they would help me. I want to go to my homeopathic clinic about it but my insurance don’t cover it and since having my kids, I haven’t been financially able to. I like the options described in this article but in order to get any of that, doctors would have to take me seriously, which I don’t have any hope for anymore. Sometimes I wonder if it’s because I’m only in my early 20’s. I just wish I could live pain free.

    2. Sarah, if you’re in your 20’s like me, don’t get a hystorectomy!! I have the exact problems of you and had endometriosis. So we did a hysto and I regret it!! I’m miserable. My ob says see a pain mgmt doc, my pain mgmt doc says see an obgyn. It’s a vicious cycle that I have no clue what to do. I’m in pain with a young son, so this is ruining our lives!!

  33. Thank u so much for this article! At last I know what the pain is I’ve been getting! Thank u thank u thank u!

  34. This has helped me so much. I am so glad I found this article. I had my fourth section 2 years ago and I still have pain. I feel like a small object is stuck above the incision. I have been complaint dice the first week. I’ve been with my doctor for 18 years. She examined me again! Nothing she can find. Sent me to pain management but I couldn’t stand being there. I don’t want to be medicated. I want to live! I was an aerobics instructor. Now when I do abs it sets me back for days! Belts hurt the area. Sex can hurt the area. Cat scan shows nothing. Really!???? I wish you were in South Carolina. Desperate to fix this. I just want my body back. I want to run races again pain free.

  35. Hi I had my baby8 wks ago it is my 5th chikd yes 5th lol n my 4th csection but I am geting very bad tenderness when touching stomache still.also sharp pains on occasions on right side of stomacge but not in scar infact scar very nice from begining.I had a long bleed aftef birth whichb is also unusual for me and even after tgat 5wks occasionaly I get a bloody jelly loss. You wpukd ghink I woukd have t answers after 5 children but it doesnt work like that .

  36. Thank you sooo much for this information! It has answered many questions and calmed some troubling concerns! I greatly appreciate it!

  37. I had my last c-section 5 years ago. In the past year once or twice month I get really sore stomach muscles, like I’ve been doing situps and worked my muscles really hard. I was wondering if this could be MPS? My stomach is also very tender to touch.

  38. 6 months post c-section (witn uterine infection during delivery and also incision infection afterwards which required wet to dry packing for 2 months) and I have a burning pain across my incision after I have sat or laid still for an hour or more and then stand up. Off the top of your head does it sound more like nerve pain or muscle? If I had to give my uneducated guess- it seems like maybe I have scar tissue that needs to “loosen up” once I start moving?!

    1. Did you ever find out what was causing your pain? I had the exact same problems.

  39. it has being almost 3 years since my c-section and I still have so much pain on one site of teh scar..I can not do exjercises and even getting up from bed is painfull, and to tp this up I have a overlaping belly on it as teh cust is deep. is this possible to have tis for so long?

    1. I have now had three sections, the pain was progressively worse 5 years after my 2nd section, best thing for me to relieve the pain was getting laser treatment at my physiotherapist’s. After a few sessions on the incision site the nerve pain and muscle soreness was greatly reduced…
      Once I have recovered from this last section ( it’s only been 6weeks) I will be going back for more treatment… It helps break down the adhesions( scar tissue between all the layers). Hope this might help. 🙂

    1. I do not understand your post. You are recommending long-term use of drugs for muscle pain, it seems, which will lead to pathologies in other systems. Why not address an underlying cause of the pain rather than masking the symptoms with a pain-reducer?

      1. A nerve pain medication does not mask pain, but treats the disturbances in the nervous system that produce and result from chronic pain.

        The post actually advocates a multidisciplinary approach.

      2. That is actually not what the post says. There are several effective therapies for chronic pain listed. Medications that are typically called nerve pain medications are called adjuvant medications and those treat/address the underlying disorder in the nervous system that falsely amplifies pain signals (this is the hallmark of chronic pain). Opioid medications are a band-aid and can cause more harm than good and I am not advocating those for long term use.

  40. For me, trigger point injections really were that bad! The problem is, the exact place you need the needle is where it already hurts the most, so it’s very different from a normal shot. That said, the were effective, and I went back for several rounds of them. Some were just just anesthetic, others also had a steroid (similar to a cortisone injection as far as I understand). If you need them, the doctor should be able to apply a topical lidocaine gel transvaginally that will make the needle much less painful. Sadly, they didn’t wise up to that until my last set! So I would ask even if they don’t offer. However, as I said, these were very helpful and allowed my pelvic floor PT to make more progress. So even though they’re difficult it’s worth considering them if your doctor or PT recommends it.

    1. Well yes, of course you would.

      However, science-based medicine can provide real solutions to pain, as opposed to flaky rituals intended to induce a placebo effect.

      1. You are allllmost not worthy of a reply.
        1. Define “science based” proof or evidence. 2,000+ years of holistic health care (placebo or not) might be more proof than FDA lab scientific proven rushed through or paid off to pass in 3 months, which is many and plenty of drugs prescribed by your MD.
        2. How many people are sicker and worse off, trading one bad ailment for a side effect or dying on these meds?
        3. How many get better on placebo….JUST like they arguably do with ANY other modality? Be it supplements, herbs. acupuncture or pharmaceuticals? Therefor…what’s it matter? I would opt for the lesser side effects, more tried and true avenue.
        4. WHO, and NIH, and insurance companies are now backing holistic health care. There are plenty of “science” based studies and research now supporting and yielding a better understanding for how something like acupunk works, blurring the boundary of what “science” is in health care. Just because YOU don’t understand how something might work (which stands for THOUSANDS of big pharma drugs and their off label uses) does not qualify it to be more or less scientific.

        Western med is great. It’s there when you NEED it. You my dear should never ever shun something just b/c you don’t understand it. Once upon a time, we thought the Earth was flat.

        Your hostility and close-mindedness may benefit from one of the above.

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